The stunts in most of the first-generation Telugu movies are based on native martial arts like sword fight, stick fight, musti, khusti or casual street fights. The actors well versed in sword fight used to play the roles of kings. The legendary actor Kanta Rao has been considered the best actor to perform horse ride and sword fight for decades. However, stunts in Telugu movies have evolved over time.
Stunts in early days:
Influence of Hollywood movies:
The 70s have a profound influence of Hollywood movies, where lead actors have to attempt complex stunts which required dupes. This is the time where mostly people jumping off the buildings, shooting from cars while chasing, bike stunts, jumping into ponds and wells to rescue others etc has become a norm and audience started encouraging such movies. The 80s have influence of Bruce Lee, which made filmmakers to choreograph stunts based on Karate and Kung Fu. The actors with martial arts background like Suman, Arjun Sarja, Bhanuchander etc were encouraged to showcase their skills.
Later Chiranjeevi started performing risky stunts on his own without the need of dupe, which helped action choreography to explore new avenues. While the dupes have restricted some shots to extreme long shots, back shots and jump cuts, doing real stunts has given a feel of stunts. It is no wonder at some point, the movies of Chiranjeevi started collecting more because repeat audience have grown just for the dances and fights. This forced many filmmakers to choreograph majority of the stunts without dupes and this led to the fall of many actors after 80s. There used to be a trend of adding comedy to climax fight through supporting characters which didn’t last for long, and it is almost non-existent in current generation.
The debut movie of Ram Gopal Varma, ‘Shiva’ has done something unexpected, that is realistic stunts that appear like casual street fights and without any sound effects. The steadycam gave a feel of scenes happening in front of audience, instead of on screen. Most of the audience were disturbed by the interval episode which was gruesome considering the contemporary movies. This was not encouraged by the industry at that time but has influenced many films later on. What many people didn’t understand about the stunts in Shiva is that they have enhanced the realistic feel of the movie, while the same cannot be said for every movie. Many filmmakers mindlessly copied the same techniques in the hopes of attracting the audience but when the story is not realistic, the realistic stunts look cheap. This resulted in failure of many movies later on.
Martial arts in Telugu movies:
Faction dramas and violence:
The faction dramas have paved the way for extreme gore and violence. The protagonist slaughtering the goons or villains has been well received by the mass audience. The overwhelming response has led to many such movies and scenes. Yet again the filmmakers mindlessly copied the stunts even when there is no scope for extreme violence. Many such films failed at box-office, and permanently scarred the careers of some actors.